What Is A Strain Gauge?

A strain gauge is an electrical sensor which is used to accurately measure strain in a test piece. Strain gauges are usually based on a metallic foil pattern. The gauge is attached to the test piece with a special adhesive. As the test piece is deformed, so the adhesive deforms equally and thus the strain gauge deforms at the same rate and amount as the test piece. It’s for this reason that the adhesive must be carefully chosen. If the adhesive cracks or becomes detached from the test piece any test results will be useless.

Strain gauges are used not just for metals; they have been connected to the retina of the human eye, insects, plastics, concrete and indeed any material where strain is under investigation. Modern composite materials like carbon fibre when under development are often constructed with strain gauges between the layers of the material.

The strain gauge is effectively a resistor. As the strain increases so the resistance increases.

In a basic sense a strain gauge is simply a long piece of wire. Gauges are mostly made from copper or aluminium (Figure 1). As the wire in the strain gauge is mostly laid from end to end, the strain gauge is only sensitive in that direction.

When an electrical conductor is stretched within the limits of its elasticity it will become thinner and longer. It is important to understand that strain gauges actually deform only a very small amount, the wire is not stretched anywhere near its breaking point. As it becomes thinner and longer it’s electrical characteristics change. This is because resistance is a function of both cable length and cable diameter.

The formula for resistance in a wire is

Resistance\,in\,Ohms (R) = \frac{{\rho}L}{\alpha}

where \rho is resistivity in ohm metres, L is length in metres and \alpha in m2.

For example, the resistance of a copper wire which has a resistivity of 1.8 x 10-8 ohm metres, is 1 metre long and has a cross sectional area of 2mm2 would be

R = \frac{1.8*10^{-8} *1}{0.002^2} = \frac{0.000000018}{0.000004} = 0.0045\Omega

Resistivity is provided by the manufacturer of the material in question and is a measurement of how strongly the material opposes the flow of current. It is measured in ohm metres.

If in our example the cable was then put under certain strain its length would extended to 2 metres, as it was stretched longer it would get thinner, it’s cross sectional area would decrease. In this example to 0.5 mm2 the resistance now would be

R = \frac{1.8*10^{-8} *2}{0.0005^2} = \frac{0.000000036}{0.00000025} = 0.144\Omega

As can clearly be seen the resistance is now different, but the resistances in question are very small. This example shows only the difference when the characteristics of the copper wire have changed. It is not practically possible to stretch and extend a piece of copper wire by these amounts. The example merely shows how resistance changes with respect to length and cross sectional area and demonstrates that strain gauges, by their very nature, exhibit small resistance changes with respect to strain upon them.

These small resistance changes are very difficult to measure. So, in a practical sense, it is difficult to measure a strain gauge, which is just a long wire. Whatever is used to measure the strain gauges resistance will itself have its own resistance. The resistance of the measuring device would almost certainly obscure the resistance change of the strain gauge.

Figure 2: A Wheatstone bridgeFigure 3: With shunt resistor

The solution to this problem is to use a Wheatstone bridge to measure the resistance change. A Wheatstone bridge is a device used to measure an unknown electrical resistance. It works by balancing two halves of a circuit, where one half of the circuit includes the unknown resistance. Figure 2 shows a classical Wheatstone bridge, Rx represents the strain gauge.

Resistors R2, R3 and R4 are known resistances. Normally, 120\Omega, 350\Omega or 1000\Omega are used depending on the application. Knowing the supply voltage and the returned signal voltage it’s possible to calculate the resistance of Rx very accurately.

For example if R2, R3 and R4 are 1000\Omega and if the measured signal voltage between measurement points A and B was 0 Volts then the resistance of Rx is

\frac{R3}{R4} = \frac{Rx}{R2}\,or\,Rx=\frac{R3}{R1}*R2

For our example we get

Rx = \frac{1000\Omega}{1000\Omega} * 1000\Omega = 1000 \Omega

This implies a perfectly balanced bridge. In practice, because the strain gauge goes through different strain levels its resistance changes, the measured signal level between measurement points A and B is not zero. This is not a problem when using a system like the Prosig P8000 as it can accurately measure the voltage between measurement points A and B.

It is necessary to know the relationship between resistance and voltage. Only then can the measured voltage be related to a resistance and, hence, a strain value.

Figure 3 shows the addition of another resistor RS, called the shunt resistor. The shunt resistor is a known fixed value, normally 126,000\Omega.

The Shunt resistor is added for calibration purposes and is a very high precision resistor. By measuring the voltage between measurement points A and B with the shunt resistor across Rx, a voltage with the shunt resistor in place is known. Then by removing the shunt resistor, which is a known 126,000\Omega and measuring the voltage between measurement points A and B again, it’s possible to relate the measured voltage change to a known resistance change. Therefore the volt per ohm value is known for this particular bridge and this particular Rx.

In order to go one step further and calculate the strain from the resistance, the gauge factor must be known. This is a calibrated number provided by the manufacturer of the strain gauge. With this information the sensitivity of the whole sensor can be calculated. That is, the volt per strain is known.

Inside the P8000 the resistors used to complete the bridge are very high precision. This allows the Prosig P8000 to calculate the resistance, and therefore, strain with a high degree of accuracy.

Strain gauge readings can be affected by variations in the temperature of the strain gauge or test piece. The wire in the strain gauge will expand or contract as an effect of thermal expansion, which will be detected as a change in strain levels by the measuring system as it will manifest itself as a resistance change. In order to address this most strain gauges are made from constantan or karma alloys. These are designed so that temperature effects on the resistance of the strain gauge cancel out the resistance change of the strain gauge due to the thermal expansion of the test piece. Because different materials have different thermal properties they therefore have differing amounts of thermal expansion.

So, where temperature change during the test is an issue, temperature compensating strain gauges can be used. However this requires correctly matching the strain gauge alloy with the thermal expansion properties of the test piece and the temperature variation during the test. In certain circumstances temperature compensating strain gauges are either not practical nor cost effective. Another more commonly used option is to make use of the Wheatstone bridge for temperature compensation.

When using a Wheatstone bridge constructed of four strain gauges, it is possible to attach the four gauges in a fashion to remove the changes in resistance caused by temperature variation. This requires attaching the strain gauge Rx in the direction of interest and then attaching the remaining strain gauges, R2, R3 and R4, perpendicular to this. The piece under test however must only exhibit strain in the direction across Rx and not in the perpendicular direction.

It’s important to understand that the R2, R3 and R4 strain gauges should not be under strain, hence their direction. This means the whole bridge is subject to the same temperature variations and therefore stays balanced from a thermal expansion point of view. As the resistance changes due to temperature, all the resistances in all four gauges change by the same amount. So the voltage at measurement point A and B stays constant due to temperature fluctuations. Only the strain in the desired direction, across Rx, in the test piece affects the measured voltage readings.

The Prosig P8000 system has multi-pin inputs, these allow for the connection of strain gauges in all the various different bridge configurations.

Figure 4: Quarter bridgeFigure 5: Half bridge
Figure 6: Full bridge

The configurations that strain gauges can be used in are,

Quarter Bridge is the most common strain gauge configuration. As can be seen in Figure 4 it is actually a three wire configuration. The rest of the bridge as shown in Figure 2 is completed inside the Prosig P8000 system. Quarter Bridge uses three wires to allow for accurate measurement of the actual voltage across S1.

Half Bridge is not an often used strain gauge configuration. As can be seen in Figure 5 it is actually a five wire configuration. The rest of the bridge as shown in Figure 2 is completed inside the Prosig P8000 system. The main advantage of the Half Bridge configuration is that both the strain gauges S1 and S2 can be attached to the test piece, but perpendicular to each other. Which as previously discussed allows for temperature compensation.

Full bridge is used for situations where the fullest degree of accuracy is required. The Full Bridge configuration is a six wire system, as shown in Diagram-5. The Full Bridge configuration is the most accurate in terms of temperature variation because it can have two active gauges, S1 and S4. The gauges can be configured with S1 and S4 in the direction of interest on the test piece and S2 and S3 perpendicular to this. Further the voltage sense lines have no effective current flow and therefore have no voltage drop, therefore the voltage measured by the Prosig P8000 system is the actual voltage that is exciting the bridge. The reason for this requirement is that strain gauges are often on long wires and all wires have their own resistance. The Prosig P8000 system could be exciting the gauge with 5 Volts for example, but the voltage at the active part of the bridge might be 4.95 Volts because of the resistance of the wires carrying the supply voltage. This small change once measured using the sense lines it can be allowed for automatically in the strain calculations inside the data acquisition system.

Strain gauge measurements with direction

Figure 7: Strain gauge rosette

Strain Gauges can be configured in a particular pattern that allows for the calculation of the overall strain component, this is often referred to as a strain gauge rosette. As shown in Figure 7, three strain gauges are placed either very close together or in some cases on top of each other. These can be used to measure a complex strain, the strain is complex because it has both amplitude and a direction. Using the Prosig DATS software it is possible to calculate the principle component of the strain, the amplitude over time and to calculate the direction as an angle from the reference X axis over time.

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James Wren

Solutions Engineer and Sales & Marketing Manager at Prosig
James Wren is a Solutions Engineer and the Sales & Marketing Manager for Prosig Ltd. James graduated from Portsmouth University in 2001, with a Masters degree in Electronic Engineering. He is a Chartered Engineer and a registered Eur Ing. He has been involved with motorsport from a very early age with special interest in data acquisition. James is a founder member of the Dalmeny Racing team.

44 thoughts on “What Is A Strain Gauge?

  1. Jeremy Church

    The picture of the gage at the top can be misleading by showing only 2 lead wires. One of the bigger sources of error due to temperature is the lead wires. This can be compensated for with a 3-wire lead configuration. In a quarter bridge setup there should be two lead wires from one side of gage and one from the other. These leads should all run together to experience whatever temperature delta is present. The resistance change is then canceled by the bridge circuit. It is stated that 3-wire should be used under the quarter bridge but does not state how it should be laid out. A simple jumper at the connector would do the job but not properly compensate for the temperature and introduce error.

  2. james Post author

    Mr Church,

    Thank you for your comments.

    Your points are well made and correct sir. The picture was intentionally a 2 wire system in order to illustrate that the strain gauge at a very basic level is a very long single piece of wire, or more simply a resistor. The first part of the article attempts to explain to the reader what a strain gauge is and how they work in a very basic sense before moving on to more complex actual real world issues.

    As the article tries to show in figure 4 the classical quarter bridge configuration is in fact a 3 wire system. The wires connecting to the gauge in figure 4 should be the same length and as your rightly state they should follow the same route, for the reasons you state. By following these points the bridge will be balanced by virtue of the fact the resistance of the lead wires will be the same.

    Your point about the lead wiring running together is a valid point, in most cases this sort of point is glossed over, but with experience and wisdom with strain gauges these things are learnt. Thank you for sharing your knowledge with our readers.

  3. mok

    A strain gauge has two fixed resistors R3 and R4 of 150? each and a variable resistor R2 which is 110? at zero strain and 110.75? with the strain (R1=Rg). The gauge factor is 2.54. How to determine the strain, where the strain gauge is attached? Can you help me on this problem? Thank you sir…

  4. James Wren

    Hello Mok,

    Thank you for your question.

    It really sounds like your trying to do it all in one giant step. Perhaps you should break the problem down into smaller chunks.

    A strain gauge is like a resistor, a strain gauge bridge is made of 4 resistive elements.

    All the resistors in the bridge should be of the same value, 120 Ohms is often used in industry. The resistors must be the same value to balance the bridge. There are other techniques to balance a bridge, but for clarity in this case we’ll assume the bridge must be balanced by the four resistors having the same resistance.

    When you have setup your bridge you should attach the active strain gauge (assuming you have only one active element in your bridge) to the area where you are interested in knowing the strain. I am afraid we cannot offer advice about where to attach your gauge.

    You should then be able to read back a value of zero volts from your bridge, then when your material under test has some forced applied, which produces a strain in the area your gauge is attached, you’ll see the voltage from the bridge change to something other than zero. This voltage change is proportional to the strain in that gauge.

    You simply then use the bridge and gauge factor, supply voltage, output voltage and non-deformed and deformed gauge resistance values to calculate the strain.

  5. Alex

    What could cause large spikes (+ and -, some to infinity) in strain gauge readings? I am using strain gauges to measure the force required to cycle through exercise bikes at different levels of resistance. The resulting graphs reveal trends of required force but there are so many spikes and variations it is not accurate enough. The gauges are electrically grounded. They are subjected to vibration during the testing.

  6. James Wren Post author

    Hello Alex,

    Thank you for asking a question on our blog.

    Strain gauges are effectively wires and long wires at that. They can behave like aerials and pick up electrical signals from any other sources, for example mains electricity at 50Hz is quite a common source of noise.

    The sample rate you choose is very important. You must use a sample rate that reflects what you’re looking for. If you are studying the human body and motion on a bicycle we are talking a few Hz at most. For example, an effective bandwidth of 10Hz would need a sample rate of 24Hz. If you sample higher you will simply be collecting noise, you will gain no useful information below 10Hz.

    Now perhaps 24Hz is not high enough for your application or is not practically possible. In this case you should consider using a low pass filter on your captured data. This will remove the effects of the high frequency noise you are seeing. The result will be the dynamic strain you are looking to study.

  7. Nick


    Thank you for your helpful article about the strain gauges.

    I would like to ask you a question. Is it possible to measure vibrations with the strain gauges? I do not want to use an accelerometer because they are too big for my application (I wanted something like the surface bonded strain gauges).

    Thank you in advance!

  8. James Wren Post author

    Hello Nick,

    Thank you for asking a question on our blog.

    You pose an interesting question.

    Strain and Acceleration are not commonly compatible types.
    I am sceptical that you will be successful in this endeavour.

    Acceleration, Displacement and Velocity are all related. For example an accelerometer will traditionally measure displacement and convert it to acceleration internally. The strain in the material is not really related to the acceleration.

    A Strain Gauge will measure the strain in the material it is adhered to. This is not necessarily the acceleration of the component.

    There may be a relationship between strain and vibration. You could measure the strain and draw a conclusion on the possible acceleration level. But you would need to first measure and categorise the relationship between the strain and vibration.

    In my experience I would advise against it and try to find a way to use an accelerometer for your application.

  9. ayesha

    i am doing mechanical engg.in final year now.we are trying to fabricate a dynamometer to measure torque using electrical strain gauges.but we are facing the problem of slip rings.that we cannot afford them.could you please suggest any idea how to use strain gauges on a rotating shaft to measure torque with any altrnative to slip rings or any other techinique.thanx

  10. James Wren Post author

    Hello Ayesha,

    Thanks for asking a question on our blog.
    I think you may have hit a technical barrier there, you have to pass the signals through a medium that allows for the mechanical rotation, if you just used cables they would soon become twisted and fail.

    I have colleagues who have used wireless sensors, but these are even more expensive.

    I would suggest that you need to find a mechanism in your budget.

  11. Stephen Barnes

    Thanks for putting this together! I noticed a small detail in the beginning. Resistivity has units of resistance * length. Normally it’s listed as ohm*meters (or micro-ohm*centimeters). The formula you listed says ohms per meter which is incorrect.

  12. James Wren Post author

    Hello Stephen,

    Thanks for making a note on our blog.
    You are quite correct, we have updated the article, thank you for pointing this out.

    If you have any further comments or questions, please feel free to share them.

  13. Jon Wilson

    Excellent article explaining how strain gages work in bridge circuits.
    Many strain gages, used in transducers, are silicon chips doped to optimize their strain constants. They have much greater sensitivity than metal gages, but also are more difficult to match and to temperature compensate. Most recent transducers use four strain gages plus various compensation resistors in the bridge circuit.

  14. pankaj

    i am doing electronics engg. i am working on real time experiment of weight measurement using strain gauge using labview software and data acquitation cards. please let me know how strain gauge works in this experiment.

  15. James Wren Post author

    Hi Pankaj,

    It sounds like your using the strain gauges as part of a weigh scale.

    Basically the strain gauges are put under load by the item your measuring, this changes their resistance values. The load puts the material the gauges are on under strain.

    When you put a known mass, like 1 kg for example, on the scale you monitor the voltage change and therefore the resistance change in the elements of the bridge, hence you have a known voltage change for a known mass. Thus you can calculate how the voltage will change for any mass and therefore you have a linear sensitivity in volts per kg or unit.

    1. Bruce Hefford

      Dear James,

      Sorry to be pedantic, but the second equation for resistance of a piece of copper wire appears to be incorrect. The wire is stretched to 2m and its diameter decreases to 0.5mm^2, which equates to 0.0005m^2, not 0.005m^2. So the resistance is 0.144 Ohms, not 0.00144 Ohms.

      Yours sincerely,

      Bruce Hefford

      1. James Wren Post author

        Hello Bruce,

        You are quite correct, thank you for pointing this out.
        I have corrected the article.
        The formula is only an example and is not actually correct in any case it just intends so show the process in action rather than any hard results.

        I don’t think being correct is being pedantic!

  16. Teer


    I am working with strain gauge measurement on the electrical steel lamination, any effect with strain if while I am measuring the lamination vibrate ?


    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Teer,

      Thank you for asking a question on our blog.

      Your question is quite simple, if there is a piece of metal which is vibrating does this vibration induce any strain in the metal?

      The answer is not so simple, it might be and it might not be inducing some strain. It depends on the vibration and if the metal is supported well or not, the size of the metal mass and so on.

      The basic rule is this is the metal is bending in anyway then there will be some stress/strain.

      I would expect any piece of any metal that is vibrating to move around as it’s own structure and therefore I would expect various amounts and directions of stress and strain in the material.

      I hope this answers your question

  17. selva

    Sir am studying final year electronics engineering.I am in interest of doing project with strain gauge.My doubt is “how to measure an input value and output value of the strain gauge and also how to use in lab view “.I need a full explanation about this.pls help me…..

    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Selva,

      Thank you for asking a question on our blog.

      With regards of how to measure the input and output of a gauge you would need a wheatstone bridge as detailed in this article, I would have suggested the 6 wire version for you. The 4 resistors, at least 1 of which being your strain gauge, would accept an input voltage to the excitation of the bridge and the output voltage would be proportional to the strain in your gauge, once calibrated. These steps are detailed in the above article.

      With regards on how to measure in LabVew, we would struggle to assist. Prosig software and Prosig hardware are designed to be user friendly and straight forward to use, you simply use the equipment and obtain your results. I believe with National Instruments (NI) equipment you have to design the data capture front end and then design and build the signal processing software, all for yourself. We would recommend using Prosig equipment to someone in your position.

  18. MECHRI

    Hellow Mr. James Wren

    Please, I would like to know eatch kind of strain will be mesured by the strain gauges :
    ENG. Strain or the True strain.



    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Mechri,

      Thank you for asking a question on our blog.

      I think your asking if a strain gauge measures strain accurately or not.

      The answer is quite simple, a strain gauge measures the strain in the surface of the material. It does this measuring the displacement of the surface of that material with respect to itself. Does the part under test get longer or shorter, essentially.

      The strain is assumed to be uniform through the material under test. In practise however the strain may not be uniform in the material.

      But it is not possible to measure the strain inside the material unless the strain gauge is put into the material when the part is created.

      For example on a modern Formula One racing car strain gauges are embedded into the layers of carbon fibre as they are formed. Then it is possible for the engineers to measure the strain levels inside the material as well as the surface.

      Additionally there is the issue of strain measurement and temperature variation, as strain gauges are effectively resistor, but this is discussed in the article above.

  19. Arash

    For electrical steel laminates (specially grain oriented laminates), it’s a bit tricky to polish the surface to mount strain gages. These samples are very thin, and by sanding you can significantly change the thickness of the laminates right at the spot where you are mounting the gage. How do you prepare the surface of electical steel laminates for good bonding of strain gages?

    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Arash,

      Thank you for posting on our blog.

      In those situations we would simply not polish the surface of the material.

      Sounds simple doesn’t it, you know yourself that the mounting of strain gauges is a little more like an art than a process that is right or wrong.

      If the polishing process will change the thickness of the material substantially then we would look to consider to other ways to mount the gauge, another type of adhesive or another type of gauge for example.

      If dealing with laminates you could also consider producing the material with the strain gauges in the material, on one of the layers of the laminate, I accept this is rarely possible though.

  20. karthik

    what kind of wires can we use to connect the lead wires of strain gauge. we use 2 mm gauge length strain gauge ?? And how can we decide the sampling rate so the we don’t pic the noise ??

    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Karthik,

      Thank you for asking a question on our blog.

      Generally you would want to use wires with a low resistance, generally they are about [latex]0.5\Omega[/latex] per metre. Something with a gauge of about [latex]0.1mm^2[/latex] would be fine.
      Additionally they must be insulated as humidity and moisture can effect the values measured greatly.

      With regards to noise you should sample as low as to capture what you need and no higher, if you sample higher then you will of course detect more noise.
      So consider what frequency content you require, then sample at least 2.5 time faster than that.

  21. Neda Nsh

    now, I have a question, I should design a sensor who can mesure 2 forces fx, fy and moment, but I have some vibration around these forces and moment,(you konw,there is a cantilever beam and all of the forces and moment effect on that) does strain gage sense the vibration, how can I do that? do you have any idea? because I serached alot about these problem..but… I used a strain gage in direction of longitude and one in latitude for mesuring fx, fy,M, I will be glad if some one helps me?

    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Neda,

      Thank you for asking a question on our blog.

      Strain is defined as the deformation of a solid material due to stress, further stress is force per area.

      A strain gauge will measure the strain in a material, usually at the surface where the gauge is mounted. If the vibration you mention causes a strain in the material then you’ll see the effect of the vibration in the strain signals. You can not measure vibration directly with a strain gauge.

      I’d suggest using an accelerometer to measure the vibration and a strain gauge to measure the strain, which you can then relate to stress if you so desire.

  22. mukund

    I want to know about the role of gauge factor in strain calculation.we are using 3 element strain gauge and quarter bridge configuration at data logger side.

    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Mukund,

      Thank you for asking a question on our blog.

      Before I begin on the subject of the gauge factor I think we have to clarify, you always have 4 elements to a bridge, if you have a quarter bridge configuration it means that 1 element is outside the front end and the other 3 elements are internal to the front end.

      That is why it is called strain gauge completion, the completion is inside the front end.

      A quarter bridge (1/4) configuration will have 3 elements inside the front end to perform the completion.

      A half bridge (1/2) configuration will have 2 elements inside the front end to perform the completion.

      A full bridge configuration will have 0 elements inside the front end as the whole bridge is completed outside of the front end.

      Now going back to your original question,

      The gauge factor is the ratio of the relative change in resistance to the actual mechanical strain of the gauge in question. So the gauge factor is key to correctly calculating the actual strain in the material under test as in reality the measurement system is measuring the change in resistance and therefore the balance or unbalanced changing state of the bridge.

  23. Daniel Jones


    Great blog, I have been doing some research and it looks like a fundamental parameter of the strain gauge is the sensitivity to strain, which is the gauge factor. I believe the gauge factor is defined as the ratio of change in resistance to the change in length (strain). The gauge factor for metallic strain gages is typically around 2, or so it seems.

    Can you comment on this please?

    1. James Wren Post author

      Hi Daniel,

      We are glad to hear your finding our blog useful, it is very pleasing to hear when people are able to post and give us their feedback.

      The basic’s of what you have said are correct, so well done on the research! With regards to metallic gauges, I believe that is a general rule of thumb which holds for almost all situations, of course there are always exceptions!

      Feel free to post back if you have further questions at all.

  24. Alfred

    I have some questions, does strain gauge have minimum strain range? in which the strain gauge cannot give any response with gauge strain smaller than that minimum. And what’s the difference in accuracy between a 2-element gauge(plane and cross) and two single gauge.

    I guess some small vibration of sample may not deform the gauge, so is there any data or specifications of strain gauge which relate to that?

    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Alfred,

      Thank you for posting on our blog.

      Strain gauges are easy saturated generally speaking. That means they can only usually measure from no strain up to a particular level of strain, after that level of strain is reached they just report the same reading the whole time. They do tend to be very good at low levels though.

      To be honest it depends more on the material properties than the strain gauge. How much with the gauge deform, well how much will the material deform!

      You ask about accuracy with different types of gauge, the accuracy is the same in short. However compensation is not the same, and that is key for strain gauges, the plane and across as you call it is for temperature compensation, the simple straight gauge has no temperature compensation, so if the temperature is going to change during the test, then the method with compensation will be more accurate.

      With regards to vibration, your asking the wrong question, your asking if a gauge can detail vibrations, you should be asking, does the material deform under certain vibrations? If so by how much?
      Would a gauge then be able to measure that?

      Please feel free to ask if you have more questions.

    1. James Wren Post author

      Hello Nikhil,

      Thanks for posting a question on our blog, we are always happy to hear from new readers.

      There are many, many tools in DATS for the automated removal of spikes, there is even a function called ‘Spike Removal’ for just this purpose.

      How to do it without an advanced signal processing package like DATS is more complex. There are many ways to remove spikes and which to use really depends on the data type and the characteristics of the spikes that are to be removed.

      Can you let us know some more details of what your trying to do?

  25. James Wren Post author

    Hello Deepak,

    Thanks for asking a question on our blog.

    Fundamentally strain gauges measure the change in surface tension of a material.

    So really you have to ask yourself a more structured question.
    Does the surface tension of the pressure container change with pressure of the gas/fluid inside?
    The answer is almost always yes. But you would have to understand the structure of the container and the pressures you’re trying to analyse over. Perhaps small pressure changes will not make detectable changes to the container surface tension.

    Vibration is more complex, as a basic concept, as stated above if the surface tension of a material changes, then you can measure it with a strain gauge.
    So would a vibrating material having a changing surface tension?

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