Any tutorials for analysis, acquisition, PROTOR etc

What engineering decisions are made by measuring a power spectrum?

By power spectrum we are talking about an ASD (Auto Spectral Density) or PSD (Power Spectral Density). In fact PSD is often used when really ASD would be more correct.

Taking any signal and performing a frequency analysis using an ASD or a PSD will give the energy over a range of frequencies. (more…)

Continue ReadingWhat engineering decisions are made by measuring a power spectrum?

What is Auto Spectral Density?

The Auto Spectral Density or Auto RMS spectrum analyses uses Fourier Transforms to process optionally overlapped sections of the input data. The result of each Fourier analysed section is called a periodogram. We then process all the resulting periodograms to produce a spectral result. (more…)

Continue ReadingWhat is Auto Spectral Density?

Exporting DATS datasets in non-linear format

The following tutorial shows in detail how to use Prosig DATS to export data in a non-linear format.

DATS stores all data in linear format. When you export data you are exporting the raw stored data. Therefore, to export data in a non-linear fashion we must convert the data to non-linear scale (dB for our example) and then export to the desired format, in this case CSV. (more…)

Continue ReadingExporting DATS datasets in non-linear format

What Type of Accelerometer Should I Use? IEPE, Charge or Bridge-based?

What type of accelerometer should I use? What are the advantages/disadvantages of a charge mode accelerometer, an IEPE accelerometer and a bridge based accelerometer?

There are so many types of accelerometer that is often difficult to know what type of accelerometer to use. An IEPE accelerometer will have a high pass filter at about 5Hz. The charge type will, by it’s nature have what is effectively a high pass filter at about 0.1Hz. Therefore neither type will show DC levels. The charge type will usually have a lower frequency bandwidth than the IEPE type. Charge accelerometers can be used at higher temperatures however. (more…)

Continue ReadingWhat Type of Accelerometer Should I Use? IEPE, Charge or Bridge-based?

Relative signal levels of a sinusoid with and without background noise

In the process of looking at some order data, a question about the accuracy of the measurement of the signal level of discrete frequency signals which were close to the general noise level.  To answer this question, a small DATS worksheet was created which generated 2 signals.  The first signal was a 35 Hz sinusoid which, by itself the spectrum level was measured to be approximately -9 dB (ref 1 V) as seen in Figure 1.

Spectrum level of 35Hz sinusoid
Fig 1: Spectrum level of 35Hz sinusoid

(more…)

Continue ReadingRelative signal levels of a sinusoid with and without background noise

Creating calculated signals with DATS Acquisition

Case Study: What can I do if the transducer I am using has a non-linear sensitivity over its measuring range?

Abstract

Recently a PROSIG user wanted to measure a specific temperature parameter on a running engine. The transducer being used was one of the engine sensors built into the engine operating system to minimize engine emissions and maximize fuel economy. Unfortunately, the sensitivity of this transducer was not constant over the desired temperature range. The question then became, how can the output from this non-linear transducer be used to accurately measure the desired temperature parameter? (more…)

Continue ReadingCreating calculated signals with DATS Acquisition

Reference frequency for third octave filters

A DATS user asked…

We are using the third octave band filter at very low frequencies (~1Hz)  and I noticed that the response of the filter could introduce very significant errors for short or transient signals. Looking a bit more in details at the function, the help says:

“For audio work ISO standards use a reference frequency of 1kHz not 1Hz”

Does that implies that for non-audio work, a reference frequency of 1Hz should be applied? If yes, is it possible to change this reference frequency in the dats function?

Dr Mercer replied…

Essentially there is no problem and no need to change the reference frequency provided you use Base 10 mode and not Base 2. Base 10 is the ANSI S1.11-2004 preferred scheme. (more…)

Continue ReadingReference frequency for third octave filters